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hemp plants

Hempward Farms


zoomed in hemp plant

What is hemp?

Hemp is one of the oldest domesticated crops. It has been used for paper, textiles and cordage for thousands of years. In fact, the oldest scrap of hemp fabric dates back to 8,000 BC. In 1937, it was made illegal to farm hemp in the US.

A form of cannabis sativa, hemp is extremely low in THC (<0.3%) and high in cannabidiol, or CBD. The fibers and stalks can be used in clothing, construction, biofuel, and more.

Hemp requires little water to grow, it breathes in CO2, and is environmentally friendly.

The seeds are edible and provide healthy omega 3’s and 6’s, high protein and fiber. Wholegrain hemp flour and hemp protein powder are rich in vitamins and minerals. Hemp tea provides relaxation. Hemp-based cosmetics are filled with antioxidants and may benefit the skin.


CBD was discovered in the hemp plant in the 1940’s by Dr. Roger Adams. It wasn’t until 1988 that the first receptor was found. This led to the discovery of the Endocannabinoid System. Finally, in 2018, the Hemp Farming Act, know as the Farm Bill, was passed which made it legal once again to farm hemp!

The Endocannabinoid System

(What the heck is it?)

All mammals have an endocannabinoid system, or ECS, which includes endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes. “Endo”cannabinoids are made within the body, and five have been identified.  “Phyto”cannabinoids are found within the cannabis plant, including hemp, and there are over 113 known. These include CBD and many others.

We have two types of receptors called CB1 and CB2. Receptors and cannabinoids work as a lock and key, and can release an action.


The ECS has two major roles—one is to modulate pleasure, energy, and well-being. The other is to nudge the body back to homeostasis and health.

Endocannabinoid system infograph
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