What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is one of over 100 cannabinoids naturally found in the hemp plant. It is not psychoactive and will not get you high.
What can CBD do to help me?
CBD has been shown to potentially help in the following ways:
alleviate post-workout inflammation
promote a healthy inflammatory response following injury
boost immune system
assist with depression or stress
clear the mind to prepare for restful sleep
increase focus and concentration
maintain skin health
may support occasional soreness or stiffness
help with nausea or vomiting
promotes gut health
improve overall balance and wellness
What is the Endocannabinoid System?
All mammals, including humans, have an Endocannabinoid system (ECS). It is a network of receptors (called CB1 and CB2) spread throughout the body—in the brain along with the central and peripheral nervous systems. This network controls many vital life functions, including the immune system, anxiety, memory, appetite, sleep patterns, mood, stress, inflammation and pain sensation. Our ECS plays a vital role in getting our bodies back to homeostasis, a balanced state, in the face of injury and disease. It also modulates pleasure, energy and well-being. The ECS is filled with cannabinoid receptors which work like a lock and key. CBD, the most well known cannabinoid found in the hemp plant, has been shown by scientists to have numerous benefits for both humans and animals.
What are terpenes?
Terpenoids, known as terpenes, are oils found on the floral leaves and flowers of female plants. Their flavor and smell identify the strain along with their known health effects. Terpenes have their own properties which can enhance the effects of CBD. Pine, grapefruit, lemon and lavender are often used to describe the smell or taste of different varieties of cannabis, including hemp.
How should I take CBD?
There are two common ways to take CBD—sublingual or oral. Sublingual means “under the tongue,” and is the most commonly used. It takes effect quickly, within 15-60 minutes and lasts 4-6 hours. Oral ingestion (edibles or softgels) takes longer, 30 minutes-2 hours and lasts 6-8 hours. The bioavailability, or how well the body can absorb and utilize the consumed CBD, differs with each method. Ingestion has a lower bioavailability than sublingual, therefore one should take a slightly higher dose when choosing an oral delivery.
CBD can also be applied topically, where it is absorbed through the skin for localized relief. This may help with pain, muscle inflammation and soreness, psoriasis, rashes or arthritis. Topical salves are useful for conditions that are within one inch of the surface of the skin. They do not penetrate to deeper areas, therefore do not act systemically.
What does “full spectrum” mean?
Full spectrum products contain all of the parts of the hemp plant, which include CBD, minor cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, CBC, and THC (<0.3%). In addition, terpenes and flavonoids, fatty acids and enzymes all act together to produce a higher beneficial effect than a CBD product made with isolated CBD. “Broad spectrum” formulations have all the same components of full spectrum minus the THC. Studies show that full spectrum products are much more effective, due to the Entourage Effect.
What is the Entourage Effect?
This refers to the fact that the “sum is greater than the parts.” The synergistic effect of CBD with all other cannabinoids, along with the terpenes and flavonoids, is greater than that of each of these components on their own.
Are there any side effects from CBD?
CBD is generally well tolerated and considered safe, although it may cause adverse reactions in some people. Side effects noted in studies include:
Changes in appetite and weight
CBD may also interact with certain medications. This is particularly important if you take medications or supplements which come with a warning about grapefruit. Be sure to talk to your doctor or health care provider before starting the use of CBD.
Will it get me high?
No, there are no psychoactive properties of CBD. Full spectrum products have less than 0.3% THC, which is not enough to make you high.
What’s the difference between “hemp oil,” or “hempseed oil,” and “full spectrum CBD hemp extract?”
A lot. Hempseed oil, which is derived by cold pressing the hemp seeds, is a nutritious food source, used for cooking and skincare. but it often creates confusion for the consumer trying to decide which hemp product to buy. “Hempseed oil” does not have the cannabinoids (including CBD), terpenes, flavonoids and other components which provide the significant health benefits as CBD oil. “Hemp oil” is also sometimes used to market both hempseed oil and CBD oil, adding more confusion.
Hempseed oil can be found in food and beauty products very cheaply online or at the grocery store. Read the full label and look for mention of CBD in milligrams (mg). Sadly, many new buyers get these products and don’t understand they are not getting significant amounts of CBD.
Do your research before buying, and understand what you are getting. At Hempward, we share our Third Party lab test results, where you can see the percentage of CBD and other minor cannabinoids. Hempseed oil products will not have these.